Category Archives: Uncategorized

The veena is an instrument of great antiquity It commands peculiar veneration and distinction among all our musical instruments. It is a string instrument plucked like the Harp and the Guitar. Though deficient in volume its sound has a captivating tonal quality. No other instrument can approach it in its ability to produce tones which are both rapid and grace fill. Its frets are no impediment to eliciting grace notes of infinite variety. Time was when the Veena served as an accompaniment for vocal music in concerts. One will never get tired of bearing “Thanam” for any number of hours on this instrument. It is to this instrument that our Carnatic system of music owes a great deal for settling some of its problems. -In spite of its merits, however, it is lacking in acoustic output. Stringed instruments depend on their soundboards for their intensity. it is obvious that very little sound…

Read more

Music is known as a universal language. It is also identified as the language of emotions. There are three forms or classes of languages used by human beings and animals. These three forms are Sound language Sign language, and Word language. Out of them, the sound language is common to both human beings and animals. Sign language is also common to human beings and certain types of animals. Only the word language is highly developed among human beings. Certain birds could be trained to pronounce some words while several categories of animals could be trained to understand the word language. Generally, dogs, cats, varieties of birds, fish (sea dogs), horses, cattle belong to this class. The human being comes out of the mother’s womb exercising his vocal chords for the first time and producing sound. He cries for milk. He cries for comfort. He cries for sleep. He cries because…

Read more

The connection between regularity and human perception of sound is well-established. Regular vibrations, as found in pleasing musical sounds, are enjoyable to hear and evoke positive feelings, while irregular vibrations, such as those in noise, are unpleasant and can cause discomfort. Essentially, the cause of agreeability is regularity. The concept of regularity is evident in the natural world, where it governs the movements of celestial bodies and the passing of time. Regularity also plays a role in human development, with the body being trained to adhere to regularity through various bodily functions, such as the beating of the heart. The nervous system responds positively to regular patterns and negatively to irregular ones, which can affect both physical and mental well-being. In summary, sounds that result from regular vibrations, such as pleasing music, are pleasing to the ear, while sounds resulting from irregular vibrations, such as noise, are unpleasant. The regularity…

Read more

Nervous System The human body is made up primarily of bones, muscles, and nerves. Bones provide support and structure, muscles allow for movement, and nerves act as a communication system. The nervous system is composed of two sets of nerves and nerve centers: the cerebro-spinal system and the sympathetic system. The cerebro-spinal system includes the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, and spinal nerves, which are all connected to the central axis. The sensory nerve transmits impressions from the central organ to effect specific changes in the body. Movement is caused by a stimulus applied to the ends of sensory nerves, which creates molecular changes that are transmitted along fibers to the central organ. This disturbance is then transmitted along motor nerves to specific muscles, causing them to contract and relax in a reflex action. Reflex actions are responsible for most human activity, and habits or actions become embodied in the…

Read more

It’s interesting to note that the intensity of emotions is influenced by the strength of reflex actions within a person’s mind. Someone with a nervous disposition and weak willpower is highly affected by external stimuli and will experience emotions such as joy, love, anger, and hatred immediately. The sound of music can also affect them deeply. However, someone with a strong willpower and less sensitive nerves may be less emotional and more mechanical in their decision-making. When a person has emotional and willpower balance, they tend to be well-balanced in their response to external stimuli. If their nervous substance is a poor conductor of emotion, they may absorb emotions, and their reflex actions may be slow and not positive. On the other hand, if their willpower is very strong and their nerve substance is a non-conductor of emotion, they may make mechanical decisions without much feeling or reflex action. The…

Read more

Bharateeya Sangeeta singers have a distinctive approach to pitch selection for their performances. They typically opt for a pitch that they can sing effortlessly, which is often the same as their speaking voice. The first note of the Middle Scale, also referred to as the ‘Madhya Swara Sapthaka’, is regarded as the starting point of the musical rendition. This note requires minimal muscular effort for singers to produce, resulting in the relaxation of facial muscles and partial closing of the eyes, creating a meditative atmosphere. To maintain this pitch throughout the performance, the Tampura or Sruthee box produces a continuous drone. This fosters a conducive environment for both the singer and the audience to turn their focus inward, resulting in a state of deep sleep or self-absorption. The sensation caused by singing the notes one by one in the Middle Octave can increase consciousness in both the singer and the…

Read more

Music has played a significant role in the expression of devotion and emotions in cultures across the world. For instance, in India, Hindu devotees sang in praise of God with one pitch known as “Eka Swaragayan”. In contrast, in the West, Catholics and Christians began singing in chorus around the 15th century, resulting in the formation of ‘Harmony’ and ‘Heterophony’ – the basic ornaments of Western music. Singing praises and expressing emotions through music is a therapy that is used today in developed countries to cure mental disorders. When people express devotion through their voices, their minds associate with various emotions such as love, compassion, kindness, sorrow, loneliness, and serenity. This therapy is unknowingly applied to the person’s mind, and listening to a prayer can soothe the mind of a religious person in distress. Today, music therapy has developed into several branches and is utilized for curing mental disorders. The…

Read more

The Changing Standards of South Indian Classical Music: A Critical Analysis of Causes and Effects The standards of art and art appreciation are rarely uniform. Among scholars, there is a growing belief that South Indian Music has fallen from the high standards of classical art in the past. The unsatisfactory nature of average training in the art, the need for modern musicians to earn a livelihood, uninformed audience tastes, lack of helpful criticism of art and artists, absence of high ideals, and a lack of effective coordination of efforts are among the many causes of the decline in standards. On the other hand, there is a new enthusiasm for music in the land, with a larger number of people now enjoying and taking up the art. New styles, polish, and presentation are evident in some exponents of the art. Music is no longer just the sole domain of professionals, with…

Read more

The IMPECCABLE VOICE OF INDIAN MUSIC The IMPECCABLE VOICE OF INDIAN MUSIC The singing voice is believed to be the primary instrument that can have a positive impact on the mind, bringing it back to its natural state and opening up inner energy. Voice serves as a medium for communication and expression and plays a vital role in abstract creativity. A pleasant, melodious, powerful, smooth, consistent, effective, and flexible speaking or singing voice is always appreciated. A good voice can help in aligning the head and the heart, inner and outer, and manifestation. In ancient times, it was considered an excellent means for realizing God. Indian music has a unique character that distinguishes it from music in other countries, with its particular structure, temperament, and improvisation methods, and it synthesizes four critical aspects: philosophy, psychology, spirituality, and aesthetics. The science of vocal music was developed considerably during the Vedic period,…

Read more

The nerves of the arm, hand, and fingers play a crucial role in playing the Saraswati Veena. Here’s a brief explanation of their role, practical implication, and action: Arm Nerves: • The brachial plexus is the network of nerves that originates from the spinal cord in the neck and travels through the shoulder and into the arm. • The nerves of the brachial plexus are responsible for providing sensation and motor control to the arm and hand muscles. • When playing the Veena, the brachial plexus nerves are involved in the movement of the arm as a whole, particularly during the positioning and holding of the instrument. Hand Nerves: • The median, ulnar, and radial nerves are the primary nerves of the hand. • These nerves provide sensation and motor control to the muscles of the hand and fingers. • When playing the Veena, these nerves are responsible for the…

Read more

20/23